As part of the protecting Norfolk Island Marine Life, the Norfolk Island History Lovers holidays are plastic bag free.
Enjoy and experience the unique and varied tale that is Norfolk Island history.
Norfolk has a unique beauty of its own, with its renowned tall majestic pines, sheer cliff faces, coral reefs and beautiful beaches. Almost one third of the island is devoted to National Parks and Reserves.
But Norfolk Island is far more than a picturesque island in the South Pacific, it is paradise with a past.
What was once a convicts’ nightmare is now the tranquil home of the descendants from the Mutiny on the Bounty, who have their own unique culture and their own language.
Australian Convict Sites
The properties includes a selection of 11 penal convict sites, among the thousands established by the British Empire on Australian soil in the 18th and 19th centuries.
They are located on the fertile coastal strip from which the Aboriginal peoples were then forced back, mainly around Sydney and in Tasmania, as well as on Norfolk Island and in Fremantle.
They housed tens of thousands of men, women and children condemned by British justice to transportation to the convict colonies. Each of the sites had a specific purpose, in terms both of punitive imprisonment and of rehabilitation through forced labour to help build the colony.
The Convict Sites presents the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts.
The Convict sites are:
Kingston and Arthur’s Vale Historic Area (Norfolk Island)
Old Government House and Domain (Parramatta New South Wales)
There are 11 convict sites (known as the Australian Convict Sites) that make up Australia’s World Heritage. The sites are:
New South Wales: Old Government House and Domain (Parramatta), Hyde Park Barracks (Sydney), Cockatoo Island Convict Site (Sydney) and Old Great North Road (near Wiseman’s Ferry).
Norfolk Island: Kingston and Arthur’s Vale Historic Area (KAVHA).
Tasmania: Port Arthur Historic Site (Tasman Peninsula), Cascades Female Factory (Hobart), Darlington Probation Station (Maria Island), Coal Mines Historic Site (via Premadeyna) and Brickendon-Woolmers Estates (near Longford).
Western Australia: Fremantle Prison.
The Australian Convict Sites were listed under criteria (iv) and (vi) under the UNESCO Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention for its outstanding global significance.
In July 2010 the World Heritage Convention’s announced that Kingston and Arthurs Vale on Norfolk Island and the other 10 Australian convict sites to be listed on the World Heritage List.